South San Francisco, CA October 8, 2018
This November election starts now with ballots being mailed out allowing us to vote earlier than the November 6th deadline in this all mail in election. There is much on the ballot worthy of our consideration and it is important to remember; YOU DO NOT NEED TO VOTE ON EVERY ITEM. Pick a few issues that are meaningful to you, study up on those and make and educated vote. Many people vote based on who endorsed them/issue, for good or bad, and again it is our responsibility to study up and make our own decisions using endorsements as a guide.
On the ballot this year is Prop 7 which would keep daylight saving time permanent which has been a conversation we’ve had multiple times on our facebook page. Actually this conversation comes up every time we must re-set our clocks so it seems worthy to share more detailed information on the Proposition to allow our South City voters to make their own decision based on these facts. This information below comes from Ballotpedia CLICK HERE for more info
As a reminder our Daylight Saving Time changes on November 4th this year.
California Proposition 7, Permanent Daylight Saving Time Measure (2018)
|A yes vote supports allowing the California State Legislature to establish permanent, year-round daylight saving time (DST) in California by a two-thirds vote if federal law is changed to allow for permanent DST.|
|A no vote opposes allowing the California State Legislature to establish permanent, year-round daylight saving time (DST) in California by a two-thirds vote if federal law is changed to allow for permanent DST.|
Proposition 7 would allow the California State Legislature to establish permanent, year-round daylight saving time (DST) by a two-thirds vote if the federal Uniform Time Act is changed to allow for permanent DST.
As of 2018, the Uniform Time Act allows states to adopt one of two options: (a) adopt DST between the second Sunday of March or the first Sunday of November or (b) remain on standard time all year. In 2016, the California State Legislature asked the President and Congress to pass an act that would allow California to adopt year-round DST. In March 2018, Florida also asked the federal government to allow the state to enact year-round DST.
To enact Proposition 7, Proposition 12 (1949), a ballot initiative that established DST in California, would need to be repealed. In California, a ballot initiative cannot be repealed without the consent of voters. Therefore, the state legislature cannot take action unless voters approve Proposition 7.
California, and the entire United States, had permanent DST between 1942 and 1945. President Franklin D. Roosevelt labeled permanent DST as War Time because the change was intended to save energy during World War II. According to Time, farmers were some of the strongest opponents of permanent DST. U.S. Rep. James Wadsworth (R-N.Y.), a critic of permanent DST, said, “Your net gain is fatigue for the farmer.” In 1973, President Richard Nixon signed legislation to enact permanent DST for a period of 16 months as a response to an OPEC-backed oil embargo. Less than 11 months after the bill’s enactment, the law was amended to return the nation to standard time during the winter months over concerns about children commuting to school in the dark. Therefore, a full-year of permanent DST was not completed.
Text of the measure
The official ballot title is as follows:
|“||Conforms California Daylight Saving Time to Federal Law. Allows Legislature to Change Daylight Saving Time Period. Legislative Statute.||”|
The official ballot summary is as follows:
Fiscal impact statement
The fiscal impact statement is as follows:
|“||This measure has no direct fiscal effect because changes to daylight saving time would depend on future actions by the Legislature and potentially the federal government.||”|
The measure would repeal Proposition 12, also known as the Daylight Saving Time Act, in Section 6807 of the California Government Code. The measure would add new text as Section 6808 of the state Government Code. The following underlined text would be added and
struck-through text would be deleted:
If federal law authorizes the state to provide for the year-round application of daylight saving time and the Legislature considers the adoption of this application, it is the intent of the this act to encourage the Legislature to consider the potential impacts of year-round daylight saving time on communities along the border between California and other states and between California and Mexico.
Section 6808 of Government Code
(a) (a) The standard time within the state is that of the fifth zone designated by federal law as Pacific standard time (15 U.S.C. Secs. 261 and 263).
(b) The standard time within the state shall advance by one hour during the daylight saving time period commencing at 2 a.m. on the second Sunday of March of each year and ending at 2 a.m. on the first Sunday of November of each year.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), the Legislature may amend this section by a two-thirds vote to change the dates and times of the daylight saving time period, consistent with federal law, and, if federal law authorizes the state to provide for the year-round application of daylight saving time, the Legislature may amend this section by a two-thirds vote to provide for that application.
Section 6807 of Government Code
- See also: Ballot measure readability scores, 2018
|Using the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL) and Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) formulas, Ballotpedia scored the readability of the ballot title and summary for this measure. Readability scores are designed to indicate the reading difficulty of text. The Flesch-Kincaid formulas account for the number of words, syllables, and sentences in a text; they do not account for the difficulty of the ideas in the text. The attorney general wrote the ballot language for this measure.
The FKGL for the ballot title is grade level 12, and the FRE is 17. The word count for the ballot title is 18, and the estimated reading time is 4 seonds. The FKGL for the ballot summary is grade level 15.5, and the FRE is 32. The word count for the ballot summary is 80, and the estimated reading time is 21 seconds.
For the 2017 ballot, the average ballot question required 20 years of U.S. formal education (graduate school-level of education) to read and comprehend, according to the FKGL formula.
- Rep. Kansen Chu (D-25), a legislative sponsor of the measure, described daylight saving time (DST) as an “outdated practice of switching our clocks in the fall and spring.” He also said, “… voters will get to decide whether or not to eliminate the practice of switching our clocks twice a year. We started this practice to conserve energy during wartime, but studies show that this is no longer the case. We are no longer saving energy, and studies have shown this practice increases risk of heart attacks, traffic accidents and crimes. It is time that we as a state reconsider whether this is still beneficial to our residents.”
- Sen. Jim Nielsen (R-4) said, “It’s fixing something that is not broken. Our society has acculturated itself to Daylight Savings Time. I think it would create too much confusion to change it again.”
- Sen. Hannah-Beth Jackson (D-19) stated, “First, if California wants it, the federal government is going to say ‘no.’ Second, the system we have really does the best to accommodate people. Third, with so many critical issues facing this state — housing, healthcare, the gas tax — to dive into the pros and cons of this diminishes the importance of more substantive ballot measures.”
- Severin Borenstein, a professor at the UC Berkeley Haas School of Business, said, “Permanent DST would likely lead to more pedestrian accidents on winter mornings as more adults and children venture out in darkness.”